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2020考研英语复习:260个阅读必备短语汇总(上)

【 liuxue86.com - 考研英语 】

  考研如过独木桥,在千军万马中脱颖而出总是需要想象不到的汗水和努力,为了帮助考研小伙伴更好的复习,下面由出国留学网小编为你精心准备了“2020考研英语复习:260个阅读必备短语汇总(上)”,持续关注本站将可以持续获取更多的考试资讯!

2020考研英语复习:260个阅读必备短语汇总(上)

  1.abide by (=be faithful to; obey)忠于;遵守

  2.be absent from. .缺席,不在

  3.absence or mind (=being absent-minded)心不在焉

  4.absorb (=take up the attention of)吸引..的注意力(被动语态): be absorbed in全神贯注于..近: beengrossed in; be lost in; be rapt in; be concentrated on; be focused on; be centered on

  5.(be) abundant in (be rich in; be well supplied with)富于,富有

  6.access (to) (不可数名词)能接近,进入,了解

  7.by accident (=by chance,accidentally)偶然地,意外, Without accident (=safely)安全地

  8.of one's own accord (=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地

  9.in accord with与...一致. out of one's accord with同....不一致

  10.with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地

  11.in accordance with (=in agreement with)依照,根据

  12.on one's own account

  1)为了某人的缘故,为了某人自己的利益

  2)(=at one's own risk)自行负责

  3)(=by oneself)依靠自己on account赊账;on account of因为; on no account不论什么原因也不; of-. account有.-..重要性

  13.take .. into account (=consider)把... 考虑进去

  14.give sb. an account of说明,解释

  15.account for (=give an explanation or reason for)解释,说明

  16.on account of (=because of)由于,因为

  17.on no account (=in no case, for no reason)绝不要无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

  18.accuse.. of.. (=charge .. with; blame sb. for sth.; blame sth. on sb.;complain about)指控控告

  19.be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于

  20.be acquainted with (=to have knowledge of)了解; (=to have met

  socially)熟悉

  21.act on奉行,按照..行动; act as扮演;act for代理

  22.adapt oneself to (=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

  23.adapt-. (for) (=make sth. Suitable foranewneed)改编,改写(以适应新的需要)

  24.in addition (=besides)此外,又,加之

  25.in addition to (=as well as, besides,other than)除....外

  26.adhere to (=abide by, conform to,comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe,opinion, belief)粘附;坚持,遵循

  27.adjacent (=next to, close to)毗邻的,临近的

  28.adjust...(to) (=change slightly)调节;适应

  29.admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) .. 的可能,留有... 的余地

  30.in advance (before in time)预告,事先

  31.to advantage有利的,使优点更加突出地

  32.have an advantage over胜过.

  have the advantage of由于..处于有利条件

  have the advantageof sb.知道某人所不知道的事

  33.take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from,harness)利用

  34.agree with赞同(某人意见) agree to同意

  35.in agreement (with)同意,一致

  36.ahead of在……之前,超过......;ahead of time提前

  37.in the air 1)不肯定,不具体.2)在谣传中

  38.above all (=especially, most important of all)尤其是,最重要的

  39.in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether)总共,总计

  40.after all毕竟,到底; (not) at all一点也不; all at once (=suddenly)突然; once and for all只此一次;above all最重要的; first of all首先; all in all大体.上说; be all in累极了; all but几乎.

  2020考研英语:260个阅读必备短语汇总(二)

  41.allow for (=take into consideration,take into account)考虑到,估计到

  42.amount to (=to be equal to)总计,等于

  43.answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for)对...负责

  44.answer to (=conform to)适合,符合

  45.be anxious about为...焦急不安;或 anxious for

  46.apologize to sb. for sth.为..向...道歉

  47.appeal to sb. for sth.为某事向某人呼吁

  appeal to sb.对某人有吸引力

  48.apply to sb. for sth.为-向.申请;apply for申请; apply to适用

  49.apply to与..有关;适用

  50.approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good,right)赞成approve vt.批准

  51.arise from (=be caused by)由...引起

  52.arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.安排...

  53.arrive on到达; arrive at到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in到达某地(大地方)

  54.be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done)以...为羞耻

  55.assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.)向..保证,使.确信

  56.attach (to) (=to fix, fasten; join)缚,系,结

  57.make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)试图做..

  58.attend to (=give one's attention,care and thought)注意,照顾; attend on(upon)(=wait upon,serve, look after)侍候,照料

  59.attitude to/ toward .对..的态度看法

  60.attribute .... (=to believe sth. to be the result of- )把. .归因..,认为...的结果

  61. .on the average (=on average, on an average)平均

  62.(be) aware of (=be conscious of,havingknowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.

  63.at the back of (=behind)在.后面

  64.in the back of在...后部(里面); on the back of在..后部(外面); be on one's

  back (=be ill in bed)卧病不起

  65.at one's back (=supporting or favoring sb.)支持维护; have sb. at one's back有... 支持,有-作后台

  66.turn one's back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way)不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃

  67.behind one's back背着某人(说坏话)

  68.be based on / upon基于

  69.on the basis of根据- ,在...基础上

  70.beat--at在..运动项目上打赢

  71.begin with以..开始. to begin with(=first of all)首先第一-(经常用于开始语)

  72.on behalf of (=as the representative of)以一名义

  73.believe in (=have faith or trust in;consider sth./sb. to be true)相信,依赖,信仰

  74. benefit (from)受益得到好处

  75.for the benefit of为了.. 的利益(好处)

  76.for the better好转

  77.get the better of (=defeat sb.)打败,胜过.

  78.by birth在出生.上,论出身,按血统;at birth在出生时; give birth to出生

  79.blame sb. for sth.因..责备某人.blame sth. on sb.把.-.推在某人身上

  80.in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)

  2020考研英语:260个阅读必备短语汇总(三)

  81.on board到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机

  82.boast of (or about)吹嘘

  83.out of breath喘不过气来

  84.in brief (=in as few words a possible)简言之

  85.in bulk成批地,不散装的

  86.take the floor起立发言

  87.on business出差办事

  88.be busy with sth.于某事。be busy doing sth.忙于做某事

  89.last but one倒数第一

  90.but for (=without)要不是表示假设

  91.buy sth. for- money用多少钱买

  92.be capable of能够,有能力be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被..的

  93.in any case (=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost,

  whatever happens;anyhow)无论如何

  94.in case (=for fear that)万一

  95.in case of (=in the event of)如果发生..万一in the case of至于-就一而言

  96.in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)

  97.be cautious of 谨防

  98.center one's attention on (=focusone's attention on)把某人的注意力集中在...上

  99.be certain of (=be sure of)有把握,一定.

  100.for certain of (=for sure)肯定地,有把握

  101.by chance (=accidentally, by accident)偶然

  102.for a change换换环境(花样等)

  103.charge sb. with .. 控告某人犯有

  104.in charge of (=responsible for)负责(某事) in the charge of...由...管

  105.take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)

  106.charge .. for因...索取(费用), charge sb. with sth.控告某人犯有...

  107.round the clock (=all day and all night, usually without stopping)昼夜不停地

  108.comment on评论

  109.commit oneself to使自己承担. commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱

  commit one's idea towriting把某人的想法写下来

  commit a matter to a committee把某事交给委员会讨论

  110.in common (和--. )有共同之处,共用

  be common to sb.是与某人所共有的

  111.keep company with (=be friendly and go out together)和..要好

  112.compare "with .. 把..与一比较

  113.compare...to...把...比作...

  114.by comparison比较起来

  115.in comparison with (=in contrast to)和..比起来

  116.compensate for (=give sth. to make up for)补偿赔偿弥补compensate sb. for sth.赔偿,弥补

  117.complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告; complain about抱怨某人或事情;

  complain to sb.about sth. (or sb.)向某人抱怨"; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)

  118.comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc. )遵守,依从

  119.conceive of (think of, imagine,consider)想象,设想

  120. concentrate on (or upon)集中,专心

  推荐阅读:

  2020考研英语复习资料:考研英语常用短语集合

  2020考研英语暑期复习资料:考研英语阅读理解的50个致命词汇

  2020考研英语复习方法:英语阅读理解的39个提分秘籍!

  2020考研英语复习资料:考研英语高频词汇汇总


考研英语大纲 考研英语词汇 英语作文万能句子 考研英语真题 考研英语作文 考研复试英语

  想了解更多考研英语网的资讯,请访问: 考研英语

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